After the Stringybark creek bitter gun
battle, Joe probably received his first 'Fugitive' firearm;
Lonigan's Webly .45, one of the first cartridge loading pistols of the
Also, the firearm Ned used during the hot-volleyed shot-out with
Kennedy, a 1845 double barreled shotgun, a very common firearm in
Colonial Australia. The History of both Joe's known firearms, were to
prove very important in the making of the legend of Ned Kelly.
Lonigan's Webly .45, was the first of
three pistols produced by Ned during his famous and courageous last
stand, it was seriously damaged in the violent fire, and Ned was
unable to use it. Unfortunately for Ned, the Webly was the only pistol
of the three (the others being Colt Navy .36's) that could be reloaded
quickly, the Colt's, each chamber had to be loaded individually, which
took precious time, in which Ned was quickly running out of.
The shotgun, a muzzle loading power
machine, was a special firearm added to the Stringybark creek search
party, as Kennedy, borrowed it from the Mansfield vicar, Mr Sandiford,
when McIntyre and Lonigan were left in camp, Kennedy left this
expensive shotgun behind at the camp, so Ned made a souvenir of it
very quickly. Below: The firearm to the left, is a Webly .45,
the centre is a 1845 shotgun & to the right is a Colt .36 Navy pistol.
It was the gun that killed Kennedy, it
was also the firearm that blew a one inch hole in the throat of Joe's
Sherritt, when Joe shot him dead on Saturday June 26th
1880. This death, would lead to the eventual end of the Kelly gang at
Glenrowan, on June 28th 1880.
At Glenrowan Joe clutched the shotgun during the first Volley, and
probably, when he was shot dead after a Martini Henry bullet struck
his groin, killing him in a few seconds from blood loss.
The Martini Henry's used by the police
at Glenrowan simply pierced the walls of the Glenrowan Inn, it
virtually went straight through, so much that the police on the
Benalla side of the Inn, were worried that the bullets fired from the
Wangaratta side of the Inn, were going come out the other side, and
hit them. Below: A picture of a Martini Henry; used by the
police a Glenrowan, and the same firearm that killed Joe.
The gang also made a souvenir of a few
special firearms during the Euroa bank robbery; a Beautiful
Snider-Enfield Carbine, taken from a Kangaroo shooter, Henry Dudley.
The gang and Joe certainly had a wide range of firearms, including
some courtesy of the police force.
Joe Online highly recommends Peter C.
Smith's Tracking down the Bushrangers for the comprehensive
information on firearms of the bushranging era.